All of the pupils took part voluntarily immediately following finalizing the latest informed consent. The project obtained a favorable statement about Andalusian Panel to have Biomedical Browse as well as the study have been handled anonymously all the time and presented according to the standards of one’s Statement out of Helsinki.
step three.step 1. Socio-Market Features
In total, 311 girls participated in this study, that have a hateful age of ± dos.56 many years, an indicate height off ± six.22cm, a hateful lbs of ± nine.forty-eight kilogram and a beneficial Body mass index regarding ± step three.17 yards dos /kg. With regards to the Bmi class of the world Health Organization (WHO), 5.5% had been underweight, 78.8% was normal lbs, twelve.5% was in fact obese and you will step 3.2% of users had been overweight .
The typical rating toward KIDMED Measure are six.fourteen ± dos.39 for everyone members. Doing 15.1% (47) got lowest adherence towards MD, 55.3% (172) had moderate adherence, and you may 31.6% (92) had higher adherence. No variations were located when you compare adherence into the MD due to the fact a purpose of new sociodemographic parameters examined.
An average alcoholic beverages is actually dos.64 ± step three.43 SDU, having 0 SDU as the minimal application and 31 SDU this new limitation thinking-advertised usage. Regarding consumption of regional restaurants, 5.5% ate berries every single day and you can 88.4% ate coconut oil everyday. Concerning your use of healed ham, 35.7% of the people stated consuming it regular.
step 3.step three. Dieting and Features of one’s Cycle
When analyzing the mean scores of the KIDMED questionnaire of adhesion to the MD and comparing this among women with irregular (6.20 ± 2.59) and regular (6.10 ± 2.30) cycles, no differences were found (p > 0.05). Furthermore, there was no correlation between the KIDMED score and cycle length (r = ?0.066, p > 0.05), nor with the duration of menses (r = 0.029, p > 0.05). Regarding the amount of menstrual flow, a higher mean KIDMED score was found among women with heavy menstrual flow (6.86 ± 2.10) compared to those with a medium amount of flow (5.83 ± 2.43) (p < 0.01).
After grouping the participants into three categories according to the interpretation of the KIDMED, as described in the previous literature, and comparing their menstrual cycle characteristics ( Desk step one ), statistically significant differences were only found for the length of the menstrual cycle, which was longer in women with low adherence to the MD (p < 0.01).
Whenever evaluating alcohol consumption measured inside the SDU, along with monthly period services, zero variations were included in reference to frequency, quantity of flow otherwise duration of menses. A confident relationship was just discover anywhere between SDU regarding alcohol consumption and course length (roentgen = 0.119, p = 0.038).
About your use of local eating (ham, strawberry and you can essential olive oil) and also the experience of dieting and the latest menstrual services of females, mathematically high differences was in fact simply located when you compare the degree of menstrual disperse of women exactly who consumed essential olive oil day-after-day and those which did not (p = 0.044). Therefore, in women which consumed olive-oil each day, a reduced portion of people was in fact diagnosed with significant bleeding (21.8%) instead of twenty-five% one of women that did not eat essential olive oil. About your per week consumption of recovered serrano ham, a lot more ladies who consumed ham with this regularity said heavy bleeding (29.6%) than others who didn’t (17.5%) (p ? 0.01).
3.4. Diet and Menstrual Pain
No difference in the mean KIDMED Scale score was found between women with menstrual pain (6.13 ± 2.38) and those without (6.17 ± 2.44) or when comparing groups with different MD adherence. In the item-by-item comparison of participants’ responses to the KIDMED questionnaire between women who suffered from menstrual pain and those who did not, statistically significant differences were only found in relation to Item 2 of the KIDMED questionnaire referring to fruit consumption ( Table 2 ). More women without dysmenorrhea consumed a second piece of fruit compared to women with dysmenorrhea (p < 0.05). In the regression model, this item was identified as a protective factor for dysmenorrhea, observing that not consuming a second piece of fruit increased the probability of suffering this pain by 2.984 (95%CI = 1.390–6.406; p < 0.05). Item 7, which corresponded with “Likes pulses and eats them >1/week” was also identified as a risk factor, which increased this likelihood by 2.320 (95%CI = 1.006–5.348) times ( Table 3 ). In relation to the consumption of typical local foods and menstrual pain, daily strawberry consumption among women without dysmenorrhea was higher (11.4%) than among those with dysmenorrhea (4.7%). The percentage of women who consumed olive oil daily was higher among those who did not suffer from dysmenorrhea (91.4%) than among those who did (88%), however this difference was not significant. The percentage of women who ate cured Serrano ham on a weekly basis was slightly higher but not significant in Guelph hookup sites women who suffered from dysmenorrhea (35.9%) compared to those who did not (34.3%). Neither was there any difference in alcohol consumption measured in SDU between the two groups.